Fourth Sunday of Advent
Dan and Brenda Cathcart have written an excellent three book series called the Shadows of the Messiah in the Torah. One chapter compares David’s early life with Yeshua’s First Coming. Here are some of their major points:
No surprise, they are both from Bethlehem. The name Bethlehem means House of Bread. Bethlehem is in the region of Ephratha meaning fruitful. The name is connected to God providing the manna in the wilderness.
In 1 Samuel 16:1 God sent Samuel to anoint David as the new king, saying to Samuel I have chosen myself a king from among his sons. CJB The Cathcarts added, God provided both the manna and the king, providing King David from the house of bread. Later, He provided Yeshua who is the bread (manna) of life and the eternal King.
Both were anointed by the Holy Spirit. 1 Samuel 16:13 and Luke 3:21-22. There were witnesses to both anointings.
Both David and Yeshua were shepherds watching over their father’s sheep. David fought both bears and lions to save his flock. Jesus did lose Judas Iscariot to the Lion of Lies, but it was David who promised that it would happen. Psalm 41:9 Even my close friend, on whom I relied,
who shared my table, has turned against me. CJB
Both David and Yeshua provoked the jealousy of those in authority; Saul against David and the religious leaders against Yeshua.
But not everyone in authority hated the two men. Saul’s son Jonathan loved David and did his best to help him. Jesus had Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea among others.
Neither man believed in harming the authorities. Saul had two chances to kill Saul himself but would not even allow his men to do it.
In John 18:10-11 At this, Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and slashed at the High Priest’s servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.) But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath. Am I not to drink the cup the Father has given me?” Phillips The name Malchus means king. Yeshua would not even allow a servant of the priest be injured.
David and Yeshua both had to flee to the Gentiles. David spent sixteen months fighting with the Philistines against the Canaanites. The preaching of Yeshua’s Word moved among the Gentiles within the first generation of Followers. Still, both had loyal followers among their own people.
In 2 Samuel 22:5-7 David spoke of his experience as being like death. The waves of death swirled about me; the torrents of destruction overwhelmed me. The cords of the grave coiled around me; the snares of death confronted me. “In my distress I called to the Lord; I called out to my God. From his temple he heard my voice; my cry came to his ears. NIV For Yeshua it was a physical death, yet both returned.
David mourned the deaths of both Saul and Jonathan as well as others who opposed him. He provided for the descendants of Saul. Yeshua mourned the coming destruction of Jerusalem and on the cross he asked God to forgive all those who put him there.
David was anointed king a second time after Saul died. Jesus was anointed king over Judah by Pilate with the title King of the Jews placed on his cross.
Be righteous and do good.